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2014高三语文二轮专题复习训练:名著阅读、古诗文填空与诗歌鉴赏


Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli ca tion began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimization of productive capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pulator i n many devel ope d countr y agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high-s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he ma ni pulator development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomat ion control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of knowle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n y ihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nipulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um -term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of ind ustrial automation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipulator positi on contr ol sys tem s main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the prog ram as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

语文考前训练:基础知识+名著阅读+古诗文填空+诗歌鉴赏
一、基础知识 1.(2013· 原创)下列各组词语中,加点字的读音完全正确的一组是 A.木讷 (nè ) . 棠棣 (lì ) . B.悭 客(qiān) . 压轴 (zhó u) . C.落 枕(là o) . 搪塞 (sè ) . D.逡 巡(qūn) . 饮 马(yì n) . 答案 C 小觑 (qù ) . 自怨自艾 (yì ) . 笃 信(dǔ) . 动辄得咎 (jiù ) . 远岫 (xiù ) . 不容置喙 (huì ) . 侪 辈(chá i) . 怏 怏不乐(yāng) . ( )

[A 项,棣 dì ;B 项,轴 zhò u;D 项,怏 yà ng。] ( )

2.下列词语中,没有错别字的一组是 A.笑靥 B.娥眉 C.部署 D.辐射 答案 水蒸汽 百叶窗 名信片 座右铭 攻城掠地 戮力同心 毕其攻于一役 吉人自有天相

展露头角 盛名之下,其实难副 优哉悠哉 骨鲠在喉,不吐不快

B [A.汽—气,掠—略,攻—功;C.名—明,展—崭;D.悠—游。] ( )

3.依次填入下面文字中横线上的词语,最恰当的一组是

面对日益严重的生态问题,尽快转变不当的生活方式和发展方式已经成 为________。深入研究中国传统文化,特别是深入________儒家思想中生态 方面的智慧,对当代中国,________对全人类积极建设生态文明、实现科学 发展具有重要的意义。 A.十万火急 C.当务之急 答案 挖掘 开掘 以至 以至 B.十万火急 D.当务之急 开掘 挖掘 乃至 乃至

D [十万火急:形容事情紧急到了极点。多用于公文、电报等。一般

作谓语、宾语、定语。当务之急:当前急切应办的要事。一般作主语、宾语。

m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inl y these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the current proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment im pr ovements. S pring for t he development of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the lev el of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of controlling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of the hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controller (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especi ally t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programm able Logi cal Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industria l a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a goo d optimization of productive capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pulator i n many devel ope d country agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high -s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he mani pula tor development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomation control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of kn owle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n yihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nipulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um-term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of ind ustrial automation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipulator positi on contr ol sys tems main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the program as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

据此应选用“当务之急”。挖掘:挖,掏;引申为深入开发,探求。开掘: 大规模挖掘;文艺上指对题材、人物思想、现实生活等深入探索并充分表达 出来。据此应选用“挖掘”。以至:①表示时间、数量、程度、范围等的延 伸,有“一直到”的意思。②用于下半句开头,表示上述情况所达到的深度 或结果,有“甚至”的意思。乃至:有“甚至”之意,表示事情所达到的程 度和范围,形式上并列,内含递进意。据此应选用“乃至”。] 4.下列各句中,标点符号使用正确的一句是 ( )

A.这是曾被认为“不可能实现的目标”:把昔日一条条“酱油河”变成汩 汩清流,化学需氧量浓度从几百、上千降到 20 毫克/升,治理类似的水 污染问题,不少发达国家花了上百年,南水北调工程用了 11 年就能实 现。 B.军队将目光投向了高校,理由很简单:大学生群体不仅提供了庞大的兵 源,更是引进高水平人才、提高军队整体素质的重要“富矿”。也是军 队转型的骨干力量。 C.这是正在创造的治污奇迹:东线 9 年攻坚,沿线河流化学需氧量平均浓 度下降 85%以上, 氨氮平均浓度下降 92%, 水质达标率从 5%提高到 80%。 水清了,草绿了,有鱼了,干线水环境明显改善。 D.经济建设快速发展、项目建设如火如荼、招商引资你追我赶、先行先试 顺势而出、生态工程稳步推进,4 400 万江西儿女正在努力描绘富裕和 谐秀美江西这一壮丽画卷。“鄱湖战略”给了赣鄱百姓一个又一个惊 喜。 答案 C [A 项“20 毫克/升”后的逗号改为句号,冒号的提示范围到此为

止,所以用句末点号。B 项“富矿”后的句号改为逗号,冒号的提示范围一 直到该句句末。C 项正确,注意了冒号的提示范围。D 项“壮丽画卷”后的 句号改为冒号,最后一句是对前文总结;同时所有的顿号都要改成逗号。] 5.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是 ( )

m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inly these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the current proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for t he development of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of co ntrolling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of the hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; ( 2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a ut omation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control Sy stem (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controller (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logi cal Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. In dustrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimization of producti ve capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pula tor i n many devel ope d country agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high -s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he mani pula tor development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomation control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of knowle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n yihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nip ulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um -term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of industrial autom ation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c ar m spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipul ator positi on contr ol sys tems main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the program as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

A.虽然莫言跟世界大师级作家如马尔克斯等相比,还有一定距离,但由于 文学特殊时代的偶然性,使莫言增加了获奖的概率。 B.沈从文笔下湘西人的生活方式,隐含了作者对现实生活中古老美德和价 值观失落的痛心,表现出对重建民族品德的希望所在。 C.菊花姿容美丽,品性高洁,又由于它正逢农历九月开放,自然地与重阳 节结下了不解之缘,成为重阳节的重要习俗。 D.自“低碳经济”概念提出以来,在气候问题备受关注的大背景下,发展 低碳经济,真正关注民生,越来越受到国际社会的重视。 答案 D [A.成分残缺,去掉“由于”。B.句式杂糅,或者说“表现出对重

建民族品德的希望 ” ,或者说 “ 是重建民族品德的希望所在 ” 。 C.“ 菊 花”“成为……习俗”搭配不当。] 二、名著阅读 6.下列对有关名著的说明,不正确的一项是 ( )

A.大卫是一个遗腹子,母亲改嫁后,在继父家受尽虐待。母亲死后,继父 把他送去当童工。大卫历尽艰辛,找到世上唯一的亲人(他的姨婆)。在 姨婆的培养下, 大卫刻苦上进,终于成了一位有成就的作家。( 《大卫· 科 波菲尔》) B.贾迎春,贾珍的妹妹,贾府四小姐。由于没有父母怜爱,养成了孤僻冷 漠的性格,心冷嘴冷,后入栊翠庵为尼。(《红楼梦》) C. 堂· 吉诃德劝说一个又矮又胖的名叫桑丘的农民当自己的侍从,并许诺将 来征服个把海岛后就封他做海岛的总督。桑丘家里很穷,正想出去碰碰 运气,于是就答应了堂· 吉诃德的请求。(《堂· 吉诃德》) D.陆逊火烧七百里连营,大获全胜。赵云救出刘备,逃往白帝城。陆逊引 兵追击,误从死门进入了诸葛亮布下的石阵(又名“八阵图”),幸得诸 葛亮岳父黄承彦引领,才从生门而出,得以逃脱。(《三国演义》) 答案 B [迎春改惜春。]

三、古诗文填空 7.古诗文填空。(5 题限选 4 题)

m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inly these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the cur rent proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for t he developm ent of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of controlling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of t he hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programm able Logi cal Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industria l a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a goo d optimization of productive capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pulator i n many devel ope d country agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high -s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he mani pula tor development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomation control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of kn owle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n yihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nipulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um-term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of ind ustrial automation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipulator positi on contr ol sys tems main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the program as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

(1) 岁 暮 阴 阳 催 短 景 , ________________ 。 五 更 鼓 角 声 悲 壮 , ________________。(杜甫《阁夜》) (2)秦人不暇自哀,________________;______________,亦使后人而复哀 后人也。(杜牧《阿房宫赋》) (3)________________,则刘病日笃;________________,则告诉不许。(李 密《陈情表》) (4)云无心以出岫,________________。景翳翳以将入,________________。 (陶渊明《归去来兮辞》) (5)________________,而倔起阡陌之中,________________,将数百之众, 转而攻秦。(贾谊《过秦论》) 答案 不鉴之 (1)天涯霜雪霁寒宵 (3)臣欲奉诏奔驰 三峡星河影动摇 欲苟顺私情 (2)而后人哀之 后人哀之而

(4)鸟倦飞而知还

抚孤松而盘桓

(5)蹑足行伍之间 四、诗歌鉴赏

率疲弊之卒

8.阅读下面这首清诗,然后回答问题。 帐 夜①

吴兆骞 穹帐连山②落月斜,梦回孤客尚天涯。 雁飞白苹年年雪,人老黄榆夜夜笳。 驿路几通南圆使,风云不断北庭③沙。 春衣少妇空相寄,五月边城未著花。 【注】 ①诗人因科场案而流放宁古塔 (今黑龙江省宁安)二十余年,此诗约 作于抵宁古塔三年之时。②连山:就是山势。③北庭:汉时北匈奴所居之地, 这里指诗人所居之地。 (1)诗歌的颔联是从哪些角度描写边地景物的?请简要分析。 答: ______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________
m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inly these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the current proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for t he development of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of co ntrolling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of the hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; ( 2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a ut omation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control Sy stem (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controller (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logi cal Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. In dustrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industrial a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimization of producti ve capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pula tor i n many devel ope d country agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high -s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he mani pula tor development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomation control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of knowle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n yihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nip ulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um -term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of industrial autom ation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c ar m spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipul ator positi on contr ol sys tems main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the program as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

(2)诗人在尾联中为什么说“空相寄”?这表达了诗人怎样的思想感情? 答: ______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 答案 (1)①动静角度,“雁飞”是动景,“白雪”是静景,动静结合,写

出了边地特有的景象。②视听角度,“雁飞”“白草”“雪”“黄榆”是目 中所见,“笳”声是耳中所闻,调动视觉听觉,给人身临其境之感。③色彩 角度,“白”“黄”的色彩点染,写出了边地景色的单调。 (2)原因:妻子即便寄来了春装,但边地五月仍然不见春意,“春衣”无法 穿在身上。表达了诗人身处苦寒边地的忧愁与无奈。

9.阅读下面这首宋诗,然后回答问题。 村 雷 晚 震

草满池塘水满陂,山衔落日浸寒漪。 牧童归去横牛背,短笛无腔信口吹。 (1)本诗中作者描绘了一幅什么样的图景?表达了作者什么样的感情? 答:_____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ (2)这首诗在写景时运用了哪些技巧?请结合诗句简要分析。 答:_____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 答案 (1)本诗中作者描绘了一幅幽静美丽、富有生活情趣的乡村晚景图。

水草长满了池塘边缘,池水漫上了塘岸,太阳正要落山,山像是衔着落日似 地倒映在冰凉的波光荡漾的水面上。牧童赶着牛回家,横坐在牛背上,手拿 短笛随便地吹奏着不成调的曲子。表达了作者热爱山村自然风光,对闲适自 在、无忧无虑生活状态的喜爱之情。 (2)①炼字。两个“满”字生动地写出了茂盛而美丽的春草,柔美的春山倒
m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inly these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the cur rent proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for t he developm ent of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of controlling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of t he hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control System (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controll er (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programm able Logi cal Controller (that is

Manipulator is now use d as a industrial robots in use, t he control obje ctives ofte n appear often in i ndustrial a utomation. Industrial automati on technology has gradually matured, a s mature a technology line has bee n rapid development i n industria l a utomation as a se parate subje ct. Manipulator appli cation began t o filter into wel ding, l ogisti cs, mechani cal pr oce ssing, and other industries . Especially at hig h or very l ow temperature s, full of poisonous gase s, hig h radiation cas e, robot in simil ar circumstances s howe d great us e also bring s great conv enie nce t o the staff. Precise ly becaus e of this robot t o get people's attenti on began to be a hig h degre e of devel opment . La bor rates, w orking conditions, la bor inte nsive a spe cts of pr omoting development. Bot h at home a nd a broad t o devel op the PLC (programmable l ogic contr oller) is in various s pe cial cir cumstances a nd under s pecial conditions s et for mecha nical device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the microelectronics aut omatic control technology a nd t he rapid devel opment of the trains, t he success of PLC hardware software and simulati on contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now conti nue s to devel op a s a factory aut omation sta ndar ds. Be caus e robots are good development of the te chnol ogy makes a goo d optimization of productive capital , and robot shows thi s unique adva ntages, s uch as: ha s good compati bility, w ide availa bility, hardware is complete, a nd programming that ca n be mastered in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC a ppli cations became ubiquitous. M ani pulator i n many devel ope d country agriculture a nd industry has been a ppli ed, s uch as the use of mecha nical harvesting large area s of farmland, re peated operations on the high -s peed li ne that uses a r oboti c arm, and so on. Today, t he hig h level of automati on combi ned wit h restricti ons on t he mani pula tor development level i s slightly low er than t he inter national. The desig n is mainly arm wel ding ma chi ne by PLC A utomation control. T his of design let desig ners on in s chool by learn of has a must of consoli dation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities aware nes s in worl d range wit hin s ome leading level of kn owle dge ha s has must awarene ss, hope desig ners can i n yihou of de sign i n the ca n s uccess of using i n this desig n i n the pr ocee ds of experience 1.2 ma nipulator in bot h at home a nd a broad of research profile a utomation mechani cal arm research bega n Yu 20t h ce ntury medi um-term, after years with wit h com puter a nd a utomation technol ogy of devel opme nt, Makes mecha nical arm on the Gra nd stage of ind ustrial automation and shi ne, gradually became a n industrial eval uation standards, a nd it s importa nce can be see n. Now origi nal roboti c arm spe nt most of mass pr oducti on a nd use on the producti on li ne, w hich is pr ogrammed robotic arm. As t he first generation of manipulator positi on contr ol sys tems main features, althoug h not back sev eral generations that can detect the external envir onment , but can still successf ully com plete like wel ding, painti ng, del ivery as well as for materials simple moveme nts. Se cond generation me cha nical arms are equipped wit h sensors a nd ma nipulators hav e the envir onme nt there is a certain amount of "sense", w hen the mechani cal arm is to use the program as a ba sis . Difference is that t he robot bega nd

映在澄澈春水中,浑然一体,别有趣味;“浸”字生动地描绘出了落日和山 倒映在水中的形象。②动静结合。作者先写静景后写动景,由近及远,景物 层次分明,构成一幅幽静美丽的田园风光图。③比拟。“山衔落日”,用比 拟手法写出日落景象,化静为动,形象生动。④借景抒情。借恬静优美的景 色充分表现了作者对田园生活的赞美向往,情与景高度统一。 10.阅读下面这首宋诗,然后回答问题。 除夜二首(其一)① 陈与义 城中爆竹已残更,朔吹翻江意未平。 多事鬓毛随节换,尽情灯火向人明。 比量旧岁聊堪喜,流转殊方又可惊。 明日岳阳楼上去,岛烟湖雾看春生。 【注】 ①这首诗写于北宋灭亡、诗人从洛阳南渡后第二年的除夕。 (1)从这首诗的中间两联来看,第二句中的“意”有哪些含义?请简要分析。 答: ______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ (2)古人评价这首诗“结有神致”,你认为尾联表现出诗人怎样的情怀?请 简要分析。 答:_____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 答案 (1)曾经遭逢战乱、亡国南渡的无奈和感伤,漂泊异乡而眼下暂得欢

愉的慰藉和吃惊。 (2)用虚写的手法,写自己要在一年之始万象更新的“明日”登上岳阳楼, 远看“岛烟湖雾”中春天来临的景象;拓展了意境,一扫前面情绪的低沉和 复杂(纠结),生动地表达了对国运好转的期盼。

m anipulat or control m ode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 S elect dis cus sion with ma nipulator contr ol 2.1 .1 cl assificati on of control relays and dis crete ele ctronic circuit can control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Ma inly these tw o relatively chea p and you ca n meet the ol d-fas hioned, simple (or simple) i ndustrial equipme nt. So he can see them now, however t hese tw o contr ol mode s (relay and dis crete ele ctronic circuits) are thes e fatal flaws: (1) cannot a dapt to t he complex l ogic control, (2) only for the current proj ect, t he lack of com patibi lity and (3) not reforming the sy stem with e qui pment impr ovements. S pring for t he development of China's modern i ndustrial a utomation technology the s ubsta ntial increase i n the level of industrial aut omation, com pleted t he perfect relay of the com puter too much. In terms of co ntrolling t he computer s howed his tw o great advantage s: (1) each of the hardw are ca n be installe d on one or more micr oproces sors ; ( 2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全 official desig ner of the software writing content control is all a bout . Now in s everal ways in t he context of industrial a ut omation ca n often be se en i n three ways : (1) Programmable Logica l Controller (referred to as IPC); (2) Distri bute d Control Sy stem (DCS for short), and (3) the Programmable Logi cal Controller (PLC for s hort). 2. 1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, ea ch of the three technologi es of origi ns a nd development requirement s for fast data process ing makes it inve nted the com puter. The me n brought i n terms of hardware there, usi ng a hig h level of standardi zation, ca n use m ore compatibility tool s, is a ri ch s oftware resources , especially t he ne ed for immedia cy in operational systems . So the com puter can effectively control i s used to control and meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n computational re quireme nts. Distri bute d system started wit h a contr ol system for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt use d to contr ol, whereas now it is succes sfully deve loped int o industrial control computer use d as a central colle ction a nd distri bution system and transiti on of distributed contr ol system in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, l oop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge adva ntage. Thoug h distri bute d system has great adva ntages in l oop regulati on, but only as a means of conti nuous process contr ol. Optimization of PLC is the corre sponding relay nee ds wa s bor n, its main use i n the w ork order control, early primary is repla ced relay this hulking system, focus ed on the s witch controlli ng the runni ng order of functi ons. Marked by the micr oproces sor i n the early 197 0 of the 20th cent ury emerged, micr o-el ectronics technol ogy ha s devel ope d rapi dly, people s oon microel ectronics proces sing technology w ill be used i n the Programmable Logi cal Controller (that is



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