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2019精选教育届高三英语一轮单元复习测评 必修4 Body language Word版含解析.doc


2019 届高三英语一轮单元复习测评
Body language
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.________the experiment right,I tried again and succeeded. A.Not having done B.Having not doneC.Not doing D.Not done 2.Mike wasn't happy about what Jason said, and ________. A.I was nor B.nor was IC.I was either D.either was I 3 . At the beginning of the new term , the teacher asked several students to help________the new books to the students in the class. A.publish B.distribute C.represent D.treasure 4.The children were warned of not being too________about things they are not supposed to know. A.strange B.amusing C.curious D.satisfied 5.[2019·山东卷] After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope ________. A. providing B. provided C. having provided D. provide 6.—“Dear Frank, when will our wedding be?” —“Ah, when? God knows.” He said, and ________ away from her, walked rapidly away. A.turning B.turned C.turn D.to turn 7.The kitchen is often the busiest room in a household, so it's important to make sure it ________well. A.smoothes B.functions C.pays D.measures 8.Jane's always nervous when she has to make a speech; she must accustom herself to be ________ when she is with people. A.at ease B.in disguise C.at risk D.in relief 9.People in these countries demand equal treatment for all,________race, religion or sex. A.in defence of B.regardless of C.instead of D.in support of 10.Although the couple didn't choose to sleep in the wild instead of in the hotel, it________unexpectedly beautiful. A.turned up B.turned out C.turned down D.turned around 11.The results of the sports meeting will be ________ on Sunday morning. A.put away B.put off C.put up D.put down
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12.I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just________. A.by nature B.in return C.in case D.by chance 13.—Have the peace talks broken down? —Yes.Armed conflict is ________ to break out between the two countries. A.likely B.possibly C.probably D.gradually 14.Eric didn't feel at ________ ease in the party,because he was afraid of losing ________ face. A.the; a B.an; / C./; the D./; / 15.—Would she mind playing against her former teammates? —________She is willing to play against any tough players. A.I think so. B.I'm not surprised. C.Of course. D.Not likely! Ⅱ.阅读理解 US researchers have found traces of an ancient lake on Mars recently, increasing hopes of discovering evidence that billions of years ago the red planet hosted life. The lake, which dates back some 3.4 billion years, appears to have covered as much as 80 square miles and was up to 1,500 feet deep, said the team from the University of Colorado. “This is the first clear evidence of shorelines on the surface of Mars,” said Boulder's research associate, Gaetano Di Achille, in a study published in the latest edition of Geophysical Research Letters. “The identification of the shorelines and accompanying geological evidence allows us to calculate the size and volume of the lake, which appears to have formed about 3.4 billion years ago.” Analysis of the images has shown the water carved out the canyon(溪谷) in which it was found, which then opened out into a valley depositing(使淤积) sediment(沉积物) which formed a delta(三角洲). “Finding shorelines is a great discovery to us”, said assistant professor Brian Hynek, adding it showed the lake existed at a time when Mars was thought to have been cold and dry. Scientists believe the oldest surfaces on Mars formed during the wet and warm era known as the Noachan epoch, about 4.1 billion to 3.7 billion years ago. The newly discovered lake is believed to date from the Hesperian era and postdates the end of the warm and wet period on Mars by 300 million years, according to the study. Scientists believe deltas next to the lake may well hold secrets about past life on Mars as such places on Earth have become the natural deposits of organic carbon and other markers of life. 16.The size of the lake found on Mars is ________. A.80 square miles B.1,500 square miles C.3.4 billion square miles D.300 million square miles
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17.When the lake existed, the weather on Mars was ________. A.hot and wet B.wet and warm C.cold and dry D.cold and wet 18.Why do scientists think deltas near the lake may hold secrets about past life on Mars? A.Because similar places on Earth have become natural deposits of markers of life. B.Because someone has put secrets about past life on Mars there. C.Because past life has been found in other deltas on Mars. D.Because some people are said to have already seen life marks there. 19.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A.The Noachan epoch was a wet and warm era. B.The lake might have existed 3.4 billion years. C.The discovery can't fully prove that the Mars once hosted life. D.The lake traces prove that there exists life on Mars now. Ⅲ.阅读表达 阅读下面短文并回答问题。 [1] It's good to make a mistake, and here is why. First of all, mistakes are a clear sign that you are trying new things. It's always good to try new things because when you are trying new things you are growing. If you never try anything new, how can you improve? How can you expand? The simple answer is “You can't”. Look around you. Almost everything valuable you see in your world is the result of ________. [2] Another good thing about mistakes is this: when you are making mistakes, you are learning. Consider this: Edison failed 10,000 times before he perfected the light bulb. When asked how it felt to fail that many times, he remarked that he hadn't failed 10,000 times, but rather had learned 10,000 things that didn't work. [3] Finally, when you make a mistake you are much closer to success. Why? Because when all is said and done, you will have tried only a few things before you succeed. Every time you made a mistake, you got rid of one bad thing and stepped closer to success. [4] But this all doesn't mean that you should go ahead without considering the consequences of a mistake. Instead, when you try something new, you have to be willing to set some reasonable limits so that you will have opportunities to try again in case that it doesn't work out as you expected. We all have limited resources so don't blow them all at one time. Realize that it probably won't be perfect the first time and use these resources appropriately so you can learn, improve, and try it again. Only by using your mistakes in this way can you make significant advances in your career. [5] There is an old saying that goes, “If you're not making mistakes, you're not trying hard enough.” So go forth and make mistakes. 20.List three reasons why making a mistake is good for you. (no more than 5 words for each blank) ① ________________________________________________________________________ ② ________________________________________________________________________ ③ ________________________________________________________________________
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21.What's the main idea of Paragraph 4? (no more than 8 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 22.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 1 with proper words. (no more than 5 words) Look around you. Almost everything valuable you see in your world is the result of ________________________. 23.What should we do before we go ahead? (no more than 6 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 24.What does the word “them”(Line 6, Paragraph 4) probably refer to? (2 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 Ⅰ.1.A 考查非谓语动词。此处是非谓语动词作状语。非谓语的否定式是在非谓语动词前加 not 且其动作在谓语动词动作之前已经发生,故用现在分词的完成式,选 A。 2.B 表示“某人也不……时”,应该用倒装句型“neither/nor+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主 语”。 3.B 考查动词词义辨析。publish 印刷;出版;distribute 分发;分配;represent 代表; 象征;treasure 珍视;重视。由句意“……让几个学生帮着给班内的学生发新书”可知应选 B 项。 4.C 考查形容词辨析。strange 奇怪的;amusing 可笑的;curious 好奇的;satisfied 满意 的。be curious about 对……好奇。句意:孩子们被警告不要对他们不应该知道的事太好奇。 5.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:填完表格后,将其放入所提供的信封返回给我们。provide 与 其所修饰的 envelope 是动宾关系,所以用过去分词作后置定语,表示“被动和完成”。 6.A 分析句子结构可知,and 前后连接的是两个接连发生的动作(“said” and “walked”), 因此考查的是非谓语动词,故正确答案是 A,现在分词作伴随状语,表分词动作(turning) 伴随主句动作(walked)发生。B 项把原句 and 放在第二个逗号后,前后连接三个接连发生的 动作,才可以选;C 项从时态上可以排除;D 项不定式表将来或目的,不合语境。 7.B 考查动词辨析。function 起……作用,发挥功能,运转。句意:厨房通常是家里最忙 碌 的房 间,因 此确 保它很 好地 发挥功 能很 重要。 smooth 使……顺利 ,抚 平; pay 付 款; measure 测量。 8.A 考查介词短语辨析。at ease 轻松,自由自在。句意:简做演讲时总是很紧张;当与 他人在一起时,她必须使自己轻松自在。in disguise 假装; at risk 冒险; in relief 欣慰地。 9.B 考查介词短语辨析。regardless of 不管。句意:这些国家的人们要求平等待遇,不 管种族、宗教或性别。 10.B 考查动词短语辨析。turn out 结果是。turn up 出现;turn down 关小,拒绝; turn around 转身。 11.C 考查动词短语辨析。put up 张贴,符合句意。句意:运动会的结果将在星期日上午 张榜公布。 put away 收起来; put off 拖延; put down 放下,镇压。 12.C 考查介词短语辨析。in case 以防,万一。by nature 天生地;in return 作为回报; by chance 碰巧。句意:我认为我们以前已谈论过这个话题,但是我将再问一下以防万一。 13 . A 根 据 问 句 中 的 broken down 可 知 , 这 两 国 间 有 可 能 发 生 武 装 冲 突 。 be likely to do sth 很可能会做某事。注意:四个选项中,只有 likely 是形容词,在这里用作 表语。 14.D 考查冠词的用法。at ease(舒适、快活、自由自在)和 lose face(丢脸)都是固定搭配, 名词前均不加冠词。 15.D 考查交际用语。句意:“她会介意与她之前的队友们对垒吗?”“不会!她喜欢与任何
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强劲的选手比赛。”I think so.我想是这样的。I'm not surprised.一点也不奇怪。Of course.

当然。Not likely!(大概)不会!此处表示不介意,所以选择 D。

Ⅱ.本文记述了美国科学家对火星的探索情况。

16.A 细节理解题。根据第二段可知答案为 A 项。

17 . C

细节理解题。根据第六段

中 …it showed the lake existed at a time when Mars was thought to have been cold and d

ry.可知答案为 C。

18.A 细节理解题。由原文最后一句可直接得出答案。

19.D 推理判断题。由第一段内容可知火星上湖岸线的发现只是增加了人们发现亿万年前

火星上曾经存在生命证据的可能性,但并不能推出火星上现在有生命。

Ⅲ.本文主要介绍了如何看待犯错误。

20.①Trying something new

②Learning something

③Getting closer to success

考查考生搜索信息和概括的能力。由文章的第一段、第二段和第三段可以概括本题答案。由

于有词数限制,所以用动名词形式表述。

21.How to make good use of mistakes./Don't forget the consequences of a mistake.

要求概括本段的大意。由本段内容可知,本段主要说明如何利用所犯的错误,而不是盲目犯

错误。

22.trying something new

根据本段内容判断,此处需要填写表示“尝试新的东西”之类的内容。

23.Considering the consequences of a mistake.

由第四段第一句可知答案。

24.Limited resources.

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